How Your Kidneys Function

March 31, 2018

How Your Kidneys Function

How Your Kidneys Function 

There are two kidneys in the human body. The most important function of the kidneys is to separate the toxins or toxic materials from the blood so that the body maintains its balance and is not chemically disturbed.                  

The Functioning Kidneys               

The kidneys have numerous functions and one of which is to separate mineral salts, urea and waste products which may become harmful to the body if included in the blood. The kidneys also have the capability to conserve electrolytes, salts and water if the body signals any lack of the same. If one kidney fails to function normally there is still a chance of surviving provided the other is still functioning properly. There must be at least one kidney doing its job for the human body to survive.               

Collecting Waste Products                   

Kidneys are collectors of waste products produced from metabolism and by the body working as a whole. The kidneys process about two hundred quarts of blood to be able to drain two quarts of extra water and waste products that eventually convert as urine. Urine flows to the bladder. It then flows through the ureters down to your urethra resulting in using the restroom.

Wastes inside the body are produced from the breakdown of active muscles and from the food that is eaten. If the kidneys are not functioning properly, they are unable to remove waste. Waste will eventually build up and flow with the blood resulting in damage to the body.                

Filtering Waste Products

The filtering armies inside the kidneys are called the nephrons. For every kidney, there are about one million nephrons. Inside the nephrons, there are capillaries. These capillaries intertwine with tubules. These tubules carry urine. Within the capillaries and tubules, chemical exchange takes place, and then the process of water and waste materials leaving the body occurs.

 

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